What are Dosha?

Understand Your Body Type and Learn How to Keep it Healthy

Ayurvedic medicine brings good health by realigning the mind, body and the energy. All three must work in harmony for you to function well.

According to Ayurveda, our five senses serve as the portals between the internal and external world. The five elements of ether or space, air, fire, water, and earth compose everything around and within us.

Ayurveda groups these five elements into three basic types of energy and functional principles that are present in everybody and everything. Since there are no single words in English to describe these principles; we use the Sanskrit words Vata, Pitta, and Kapha to describe them.

Vata, Pitta and Kapha are known collectively as doshas, Each governs a certain function within the body. If any of the doshas becomes imbalanced, the harmonious workings of your body are disrupted. Depending on which dosha is imbalanced, specific treatment, diet, skincare & lifestyle changes is required to realign them.

Ayurvedic Dosha and Body Type

The 3 Dosha’s

Here’s a brief introduction to the Dosha types. If you know your Dosha and want a suitable diet and lifestyle plan, then click on the appropriate Dosha below.

Kapha Dosha

Kapha is made up of earth & water. According to Ayurveda, this dosha governs the structure of the body. It is the principle that holds the cells together to form muscle, fat, bone, and sinew. The primary function of Kapha is protection.

When balanced – Kapha types have a strong physical build and excellent stamina. They have large, soft eyes; smooth, radiant skin; and thick, lush hair. They sleep soundly and have regular digestion.

When unbalanced – Kapha types gain weight, retain fluid and develop allergies. They become lethargic and sleep excessively. Prolonged Kapha imbalance leads to asthma, chronic respiratory infections, diabetes, and depression.

Pita Dosha

Pitta is made up of fire and water. The Pitta dosha controls digestion, metabolism, and energy production. The primary function of Pitta is transformation.

When balanced – Pitta types have healthy appetites and good digestion. They have strong immune systems and a very good work ethic. They are quick witted and efficient in all that they do.

When unbalanced – Pitta types can be hot-headed, aggressive and impatient.  Due to their good metabolism and robust bodies they often overindulge and this leads to ill health, mainly inflammatory conditions and stress related diseases.

Vata Dosha

Vata’s is made up of of air and space (ether or a vacuum). The common translation of Vata is “that which moves.”  Vata controls neural impulses and chemical reactions throughout the body. The primary function of Vata is movement.

When balanced – Vata types are are energetic, creative, inspirational. They move gracefully. They have quick thoughts and very active imagination. The ponder the world problems, work to find solutions, yet remain joyful.

When imbalanced – Vata types tend to lose weight and suffer from constipation. Prolonged Vata imbalance leads to anxiety, weakness of muscles and joints, arthritis, aches and pains often diagnosed as fibromyalgia.

Age Defying Facial


According to Ayurveda – every person is made of five basic elements which are also found in the universe. These elements are space, air, fire, water, and earth.

These elements combine in the human body to form three body types, called doshas. These dosha’s control how your body works.

They 3 dosha’s are Vata (space & air); Pitta (fire & water) and Kapha (water & earth).

Everyone inherits a unique mix of the three doshas. It’s believed that your chances of staying well or getting sick is linked to the balance of your doshas. Therefore Ayurveda aims to help you understand your dosha or body type.

Traditionally pulse diagnosis and expert observation was used to determine how well your body is functioning. However, we have designed a simple quiz to help you understand your body type. And based on this Body Type Quiz – Ayurvedic diet plans, lifestyle and product recommendations are provided. If you are taking any medicines or unsure about these recommendations – please contact your doctor. To understand your body type and receive your personalised Ayurvedic Plan.

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Organic Apoteke is steeped in Ayurvedic wisdom. 

Dr Nitasha Buldeo’s grandmother was a traditional Ayurveda healer.

She functioned as both Ayurvedic healer and Priestess. Nitasha recalls, “I used to pick herbs for her to ‘cook’ into remedies.

She got results and word spread – people adored her for her ability to heal. And she inspired me to follow in this healing tradition”.

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Dr Nitasha Buldeo in the wilds of Africa


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